## A Guide to White Rose Maths Small Steps Progression Planning

White Rose Maths is an organisation that provides maths resources and lesson planning materials to help teachers adopt a maths mastery approach. Their mission is to support teachers in improving maths education and prove that, with the right support, all children can do maths.

They offer Schemes of Learning that break down what children should learn during each week of each term, and these Schemes have been adopted by schools all over the UK. The yearly frameworks are aligned with the National Curriculum and help teachers plan out children’s journey to mastery by making sure they tackle learning objectives in a logical order.

And within these frameworks are the White Rose Maths small steps to progression — milestones that children need to meet to successfully progress through the National Curriculum.

These small steps can help you plan and structure lessons, and choose resources that are perfectly suited to where children are in terms of progress.

But if you’re not entirely sure what the White Rose Maths small steps are, or how to plan lessons using these milestones, here’s what you need to know.

## What Are the White Rose Maths Small Steps to Progression?

The White Rose Maths small steps to progression are a series of learning objectives that children need to master in order to progress onto more challenging lessons. There are small steps for each year group, which are sorted into blocks of weeks. For example, block 1 for Year 1 covers what children should learn between weeks 1-3 of the Autumn term.

Ideally, you should follow the small steps in the order they are presented, as White Rose Maths has carefully planned the order of these steps to help children gradually develop their skills.

## Planning Lessons Around the White Rose Maths Small Steps

While the White Rose Maths small steps outline the learning objectives that children should work towards in lessons, how you plan and deliver these lessons is down to you. So here are some tips for planning lessons using the small steps.

### Judge How Many Steps Are Needed in Each Lesson

The small steps are a series of learning objectives and milestones, but that’s not to say that one step equals one lesson. You may be able to cover several small steps in one lesson, or a single step might require a whole lesson or even several lessons.

You’ll need to judge how easily children will grasp these small steps and plan lessons to make sure you cover all steps within the blocks of time. If block 1 is weeks 1-3, you’ll need to have covered all block 1 small steps by the end of week 3.

### Assess Children’s Progress

Each small step assumes a certain level of understanding from the children — understanding that they should have gained while progressing through other steps. So before you progress onto more complex and challenging topics, assess children’s progress to make sure they have a firm understanding of the small steps you’ve already covered.

You might want to schedule informal assessments at the end of each block, or at the end of the term.

### Determine What Support Children Will Need During Each Step

Some steps will be more challenging than others for children to master, so when planning lessons, think about how much support children will need when tackling each step. Consider encouraging independent learning where possible, such as during fluency tasks. For more challenging topics, think about guiding children through concepts with teaching slides or one-to-one support.

You may need to put additional support measures in place for children with learning difficulties, SEND children or EAL children.

### Revisit Steps to Help Children Consolidate Their Knowledge

The White Rose Maths approach is all about mastery. Children need to have strong foundational knowledge and understanding before progressing onto more advanced topics. Deep learning should be encouraged to ensure children develop a strong and lasting understanding of concepts that can be built upon in future lessons.

So rather than flying through the small steps, schedule in time to allow children to revisit what they’ve learned so that they can consolidate their knowledge. Give children mathematical fluency tasks, encourage them to explore different approaches to maths problems and apply their understanding to different contexts.

## Teaching White Rose Maths Mastery to Primary Pupils

White Rose Maths is an organisation that has become a thought leader in the world of maths education. They’ve changed how teachers approach maths lessons and helped children all around the UK adopt a positive, growth mindset when tackling number problems and maths concepts.

The White Rose Maths motto is “Everyone Can Do Maths: Everyone Can!” and for years, they’ve been proving that there’s no such thing as someone who can’t do maths. The idea behind this organisation and their approach to teaching maths is that with the right support, guidance and resources, all children can become confident and competent in mathematics.

In short, they take a maths mastery approach to maths education. And this approach has been making waves in primary schools. Teachers are seeing that when they teach for whole-class mastery, there’s a marked improvement in the progress of lower-attaining learners and all pupils are more willing to embrace mathematical challenges, encouraged by the belief that everyone can succeed if they put their mind to it and put the effort in.

So if you’re hoping to adopt the mastery approach in your classroom during maths lessons, you could be on the brink of unlocking your class’s full mathematical potential. But if you’re not sure how to teach White Rose Maths mastery, here are some tips to help you get started.

## Ensure All Pupils Have the Same Opportunities to Learn

White Rose Maths mastery is about helping whole classes grasp maths lessons. All children in your class should progress at a similar pace, and no one should be allowed to fall behind.

You can give extra support to the children who need it to help them keep up, not catch up. As for high attaining pupils, rather than letting them move on to new topics while others continue coming to grips with the lesson at hand, give them the chance to consolidate and deepen their understanding with more challenging tasks and activities within the same learning objective.

This way you can make sure all children have the same opportunities to learn and develop a good understanding of topics before moving on to new content.

## Focus on Deepening Children’s Understanding

For children to master maths, they need to consolidate their knowledge and understanding of each topic, rather than speeding through the curriculum. With strong foundational knowledge, they’ll be better able to tackle more challenging topics and number problems and they’ll find it easier to extend and build on their knowledge. And when children consolidate what they’ve learned, they benefit from a lasting understanding of lessons — the skills they’ve mastered will stay with them throughout their academic lives and into adulthood.

So when teaching for White Rose Maths mastery, make sure you allow students enough time to consolidate their understanding of each lesson and each White Rose Maths small step. You should also encourage deep learning by giving pupils the opportunity to explore maths concepts with tasks and activities with different levels of difficulty and complexity. Children should have the chance to explore a range of methods for applying their skills and understanding to different contexts.

## Don’t Forget the Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract (CPA) Approach

The Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract (CPA) approach ties into White Rose Maths mastery and deep learning. Children should be given the chance to understand and explain what they’ve learned by ‘doing’ first of all, using concrete objects.

Then they’ll move on to using pictorial representations such as images, graphs or diagrams to solve problems. And finally, once they have a good understanding of the topic, they should be able to take an abstract approach and solve maths problems using abstract concepts and symbols. For example, if a maths problem read ‘Lucy has 18 sweets. Simon has 12 sweets. How many do they have altogether?’ children in the abstract stage should be able to interpret this as 18+12=30.

To help children work towards mastery it’s a good idea to move back and forth between the CPA stages.

## Regularly Assess Children’s Progress

Because White Rose Maths mastery encourages whole classes to progress at a similar pace and move through the curriculum together, it’s important to check children’s progress and make sure no one is falling behind.

Informal assessments can check children’s understanding of different topics and help you see whether or not they’ve met learning objectives.

If your whole class has a good understanding of the topics you’ve covered so far, you can move on knowing that pupils are ready for more challenging lessons. Or if you see that some children are struggling with certain topics, you can plan consolidation lessons to help them get to where they need to be before progressing, or you could make arrangements so that lower attaining pupils get the support they need.

At Master the Curriculum, we’re big supporters of the White Rose Maths mastery approach. That’s why we offer thousands of resources that you can use to teach for mastery. From mini-assessments to maths worksheets, teaching slides, reasoning booklets, and interactive maths videos, we have a huge range of learning materials that can make your life easier and all of our resources are aligned with the White Rose Maths framework. Start accessing our resources by signing up for a free or premium membership!

## White Rose Maths Resources: Enhance Children’s Learning Experience

White Rose Maths is an organisation that’s been helping schools in the UK to improve maths education and instil a love of learning in children for several years. They provide maths resources and Schemes of Learning to help children progress through the National Curriculum in small steps and develop confidence and competence in mathematics.

The White Rose Maths approach focuses on maths mastery — children are taught to fully grasp topics, not just scrape the surface, so by the time they move on to more advanced lessons they have a deep understanding of foundational concepts. As a result, children benefit from improved learning retention and they develop mathematical understanding, reasoning and problem-solving abilities that will stay with them for life.

And what’s more, White Rose Maths also recognises the importance of enjoyment on children’s journey to maths mastery. The White Rose Maths curriculum encourages teachers to make lessons fun and engaging to capture children’s attention and make lessons memorable.

It’s no wonder that White Rose Maths has gone down a treat with teachers, parents and children alike — what’s not to like about fun maths lessons that help all children excel in this subject?

But if you’re hoping to use the White Rose Maths approach to help children become enthusiastic masters of maths, you’ll need to choose the right resources to support your lessons. So what should you look for in White Rose Maths resources and what makes these resources different from your standard, run-of-the-mill learning materials?

## What Are White Rose Maths Resources?

When we refer to White Rose Maths resources, we don’t mean those produced exclusively by White Rose Maths themselves. Because the maths mastery approach and the White Rose Maths Schemes of Learning are accepted and used by millions of parents and teachers around the UK, there are thousands of resources designed to support lessons that follow these schemes.

Choosing the right resources will help children consolidate their knowledge with fluency tasks and challenge them with reasoning and problem-solving activities. All while sticking to the lessons outlined in the Schemes of Learning.

## What to Look for in White Rose Maths Resources

Choosing the right resources can be the difference between children throwing themselves into lessons with an eagerness to learn and pupils struggling to engage in maths lessons. You want to make sure children have access to effective learning resources that spark excitement about maths and help them meet the learning objectives outlined in the White Rose Maths curriculum (which are aligned with the National Curriculum).

Here’s what you should look for when choosing White Rose Maths resources to complement your lesson plans and help children engage and succeed in maths lessons.

### Clear Learning Objectives

White Rose Maths has produced Schemes of Learning for each year group to help children progress through the National Curriculum logically and in a way that supports teaching for mastery. There are reasons why some lessons come before others — there are some learning objectives that children won’t be able to meet until they’ve got a firm understanding of the concepts taught in other lessons. For example, children need to learn numbers and place value up to and including 10 before working with numbers over 10.
So when selecting White Rose Maths resources, make sure the resources are designed to help children meet a specific learning objective. This way, you’ll know the resources are perfectly suited for your lesson plan and also for the children’s abilities.

### Fun and Engaging Elements

We all know that children have a tendency to get bored quickly, especially when it comes to educational activities. So resources need to be fun and engaging! They should capture and keep children’s attention (preferably for longer than five minutes) and get them excited to learn. When you find a resource that children look forward to using, that’s when you’re on to a winner.

So when choosing White Rose Maths resources, look for visual imagery, creative scenarios, and other fun and engaging elements.

### A Variety of Challenges and Activities

By giving children a variety of resources, you can keep maths lessons fresh and engaging, help pupils develop their maths skills and encourage deep learning with different types of problems applied to different contexts.

Plus, not all children have the same learning style. Some learners might respond better to visual resources, while others may learn better while writing or listening to resources that use sound. Using a variety of challenges and activities can help you engage all types of learners in lessons.

### Differentiated Resources

Teaching for mastery doesn’t mean you can’t use differentiated resources. In fact, the opposite is true. Differentiation can help children work towards mastery, as long as resources are differentiated within numbers and learning objectives. For example, rather than high attaining learners progressing on to different topics and tackling problems involving different numbers before their classmates, they can work on resources that are more complex and challenging within the same learning objective.

This encourages deep learning and means your whole class will progress at a similar pace. No one falls behind or suffers a confidence knock after seeing classmates progress more rapidly.

### Consider Both Consolidation and Development

White Rose Maths focuses on children’s journey to maths mastery and that’s a journey that involves both consolidation of prior knowledge and development of new problem-solving and reasoning skills. So you’ll need White Rose Maths resources that let children improve their mathematical fluency as well as resources that push them to develop their understanding and skills.

At Master the Curriculum, we offer thousands of primary maths resources that are aligned with the White Rose Maths framework, including maths worksheets, teaching slides, interactive maths videos and reasoning booklets. All of our resources have a clear learning objective and will engage and excite children with fun visuals and creative contexts that get them thinking. Start accessing our resources for White Rose Maths learning by signing up for a free or premium account.

## What Is White Rose Maths? Exploring a New Approach to Mathematics

Whether you’re a teacher or a parent, you no doubt want to help your child or the children in your class excel at maths. Helping little ones grasp and enjoy maths lessons in Years 1-6 can prepare children for future academic challenges and equip them with problem-solving and reasoning skills that will last into adulthood.

But if you’re going to help young mathematicians become maths whizzes, you need to take an effective approach to teaching maths in class or in your home learning sessions. And in the world of primary school maths, one approach that has proved invaluable to teachers and parents alike is the White Rose Maths framework. So what is White Rose Maths and how can it help children master number problems?

## What is White Rose Maths?

White Rose Maths is an organisation that provides maths resources and Schemes of Learning for pupils of all ages, from early years to secondary school. The Schemes of Learning (SOL) outline yearly frameworks that break down what children need to learn during each week of each term to master the learning objectives laid out by the National Curriculum. And resources that are aligned with the White Rose Maths frameworks are designed to be enjoyable, engaging and varied, to help pupils develop a love of learning and work towards mastery with differentiated resources.

But what defines White Rose Maths more than their resources and frameworks is their approach to teaching maths. At the heart of their resources and frameworks is the motto “Everyone Can Do Maths: Everyone Can!” — a slogan that we wholeheartedly agree with!

Their mission is to support primary school teachers and parents all over the UK in helping children work towards maths mastery and change attitudes towards this subject, encouraging a growth mindset in both teachers and learners. Adopting a White Rose Maths approach to teaching means making sure all children have the same opportunities to learn and the support they need to fully grasp concepts.

The philosophy behind White Rose Maths also focuses on making maths fun for children and helping them to find enjoyment in number problems. Because when children are engaged in learning and enjoying maths, that’s when lessons really sink in and deep learning happens.

## Why Take a White Rose Maths Approach to Teaching?

White Rose Maths has already been embraced by huge numbers of primary schools and parents in the UK, and for good reason. By using White Rose Maths frameworks and guidance to adopt a maths mastery approach, you can help all children achieve excellence in mathematics. No pupils are considered ‘low ability’ or allowed to feel like they ‘can’t do maths’. Instead, a positive ‘can-do’ attitude is encouraged and children are taught to enjoy working with numbers. Adopting a White Rose Maths approach is about building a deep understanding of topics, helping children become confident mathematicians who embrace mathematical challenges with a smile.

Planning lessons also becomes much simpler when you teach for mastery — the White Rose Maths yearly frameworks outline which topics to cover and when, and as these are widely used, you can easily find resources to support each stage of the White Rose Maths curriculum. And by revisiting topics to encourage fluency, the whole class will progress at a similar pace, closing the attainment gap and meaning you won’t have to worry about planning lessons for children with drastically different levels of attainment.

## How to Use White Rose Maths to Enhance Children’s Learning

Teachers can use White Rose Maths SOL to plan lessons, choose suitable resources and help children take small steps to progression. The Schemes of Learning make sure topics are introduced to children in a logical order and revisited throughout the year to encourage deep learning and ensure children have the foundational knowledge they need, before moving on to more advanced maths concepts and tackling more challenging number problems.

As for using White Rose Maths for home learning, parents and carers can follow the yearly framework for their child’s year group during home learning sessions. As a parent, you probably don’t have the time to research and digest what your child should be learning each week, but with the White Rose Maths Schemes of Learning, you’ll have a schedule to follow. You can keep children on track with home learning sessions aligned with the National Curriculum.

At Master the Curriculum, we offer thousands of primary school maths resources that support White Rose Maths learning, from maths worksheets to interactive videos, reasoning booklets and teaching slides. And each resource is designed to help children master topics and have fun doing so! You can sign up for a free account and instantly access hundreds of free resources, or unlock access to all of our learning resources and teaching materials with a premium membership.

## How to Use White Rose Maths in Your Home Learning

If you’ve been researching methods and resources to help your children learn maths at home, you’ll no doubt have come across White Rose Maths. It offers primary maths resources designed to help teachers enhance their maths lessons and parents to encourage home learning.

But in addition to resources, it also offers a scheme of learning designed to turn all children into masters of maths. By following this scheme of learning, children can develop a deep understanding of mathematical concepts. They’ll be able to tackle number problems and progress through the national curriculum with confidence. The White Rose Maths motto is that “Everyone can do maths!” and we wholeheartedly agree.

As big believers of the maths mastery approach ourselves, our primary maths resources are designed to be used alongside the White Rose Maths scheme of learning. And with this guide to using White Rose Maths in your home learning, you can help your children become masters of maths.

## The White Rose Maths Curriculum

The White Rose Maths curriculum aligns perfectly with the national curriculum so that children progress through important lessons and meet Key Stage 1 and 2 learning objectives.

The curriculum designed by White Rose Maths is split into schemes of learning for each year group. These schemes of learning break down what children should learn in each week of each term to master and build upon their foundational maths skills and learn in line with the national curriculum.

The schemes of learning are structured to ensure children grasp the fundamental concepts of mathematics before building their understanding and moving on to more advanced concepts.

## Why Use White Rose Maths in Your Home Learning?

The primary schemes of learning are designed for teachers of children in Years 1-6 to follow throughout the school year. However, there’s no reason why you can’t use these year group-specific schedules to structure your home-learning sessions. Following the White Rose Maths curriculum, both at home and at school, can help children on their journey to maths mastery. White Rose Maths gives a meaningful structure to children’s education and encourages deep learning with different activities and resources.

The White Rose Maths curriculum encourages the CPA approach (Concrete, Pictorial, Abstract), teaching children a deeper understanding of maths problems. So resources used for White Rose Maths home learning should help children to visualise, describe and experiment with mathematical concepts, ultimately improving their mathematical fluency.

Many schools also follow the White Rose Maths framework, so sticking to this approach to learning during home-learning sessions can give children consistency in their education and encourage deeper learning. You can make sure your little ones stick to the curriculum, even during extra-curricular learning activities, and progress at the same rate as their classmates.

## Choosing Resources for White Rose Maths Home Learning

### Structure Home Lessons With White Rose Maths Schemes of Learning

While the White Rose Maths curriculum gives you the freedom to structure individual lessons in any way you choose, it’s important to follow the schemes of learning to make sure children don’t run before they can walk, so to speak. Learning foundational knowledge before tackling more advanced or complex lessons is important for building children’s confidence and ensuring academic success.

### Find Resources That Support the Mastery Approach

When choosing resources for White Rose Maths home learning, it’s important to choose learning materials that support the mastery approach. To develop a lasting understanding of concepts, children need to practice their maths skills through fluency, reasoning and problem-solving activities.

### Encourage Deeper Learning With Differentiated Resources

With differentiated tasks, children can delve deeper into mathematical concepts and explore more complex maths problems. Master the Curriculum resources are differentiated by complexity, not by number, so children can develop fluency before moving on to more challenging maths problems, and progress steadily through the curriculum.

Combining tasks of different types and levels of difficulties can keep lessons interesting and fresh and boost children’s confidence in tackling different types of problems.

### Choose On-Topic Learning Resources

You’ll also need to make sure resources are aligned with the White Rose Maths curriculum. For example, the scheme of learning for Year 1 dedicates weeks 1-3 of the first term to learning place value to 20. So during home-learning sessions, children should use resources that focus on place value within 20.